The first issue of Diachronica contained an evaluation of the comparative method as applied to “exotic” languages (Boretzky 1984). Thirty years later, it is worth taking stock of what our discipline has accomplished and identifying future priorities and pressing issues that have (re-)emerged.

The following represents the considered judgement of several practitioners in language families from a large region of the world that is underrepresented in international fora. The ideas were first presented during the 20th International Conference on Historical Linguistics (ICHL 20), Osaka, Japan, 2011.